- Almost 90 countries including some form of carbon pricing or other fiscal policies in their Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs);
- Only around 12 per cent of annual global GHG emissions are formally priced;
- Fiscal policies such as carbon pricing and fossil fuel subsidy reform can provide a cost-effective approach to addressing climate change;
- Panellists agreed that carbon pricing does not have to mean higher taxes, but rather smarter, more efficient taxes.
It’s the most important pillar for biodiversity conservation in Europe. Alessandro prepared a dissemination paper published on Italian magazine. Innatura
- They are based on projects and when the project ends, very often the programme or the activities die with it;
- They are too dependent on “donor” funding and when the “donor” is not interested anymore, the programme ends, and
- Environment and development continue to be seen as two different issues.
In brief, conservation projects in Africa are generally not self-sustainable, from a financial point of view. Then, financial resources are used and dispersed during the project life cycle, without creating any flywheel to permit, in the long term, to generate revenues.
BIOFIN is managed by the UNDP and 4 African countries participate in this initiative. Moreover, UNDP promotes additional conservation projects to improve the sustainable financing of protected areas systems.
Africa is currently facing a dramatic surge in wildlife trafficking: for example, the illicit ivory trade has more than doubled since 2007, and is over three times greater than it was in 1998. Between 2007 and 2013, rhino poaching increased by 7000% in South Africa, endangering the survival of this specie.
EC recently adopted some actions to fight wildlife crime inside and outside the EU, to combat a phenomena that has become one of the most profitable criminal activities worldwide, with devastating effects for biodiversity and negative impact on the rule of law due to its close links with corruption and financing of terrorism groups. Under the EU general approach, on 26 February 2016, the European Commission adopted a Communication on the EU Action Plan against Wildlife Trafficking.
The Communication proposed 3 priorities: Preventing wildlife trafficking and addressing its root causes, Implementing and enforcing existing rules and combating organised wildlife crime more effectively, Monitoring and evaluation.
Last week the EU and its Member States tabled an ambitious set of proposals ahead of the next meeting of the CITES Convention, which will take place from 24 September to 5 October 2016 in Johannesburg. At this page, a list of proposals submitted by the EU and its Member States for consideration at CoP 17.